Now showing items 41-60 of 386

  • Register-based studies of hypospadias 

    Skarin Nordenvall, Anna (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-05-19)
    Hypospadias is a common genital malformation ofcomplex origin. It is characterized by misplacement of the urethral orifice, proximal to the tip of the glans penis, and is most often accompanied by a cleaved prepuce and ...
  • New approaches on fetal and maternal intrapartum monitoring 

    Wretler, Stina (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-05-18)
    Background: Intrapartum fetal monitoring aims to prevent adverse outcomes due to intrapartum asphyxia. Cardiotocography (CTG) is an established method for intrapartum monitoring. The method has high sensitivity, but low ...
  • A three dimensional scaffold for single staged tissue engineering 

    Zeiai, Said (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-05-05)
    Study I Aims: Evaluate a collagen-PCL scaffold with minced bladder mucosa in vitro. M&M: Minced tissue was cultured on top of the scaffold. Scaffold properties were evaluated. Results: Good proliferation. ...
  • Progesterone receptor modulators in contraception : clinical implications of ovarian and endometrial effects 

    Berger, Cecilia (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-05-02)
    Background Emergency contraception (EC) offers a last chance to prevent an unwanted pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI) but before pregnancy occurs, for example after contraceptive failure, non-use ...
  • Long-term effects of mother-infant psychoanalysis 

    Winberg Salomonsson, Majlis (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-04-28)
    This thesis is a long-term follow-up study of mothers and infants with “baby worries” or mother-infant relational disturbances, who took part in a Randomized Controlled Trial when the children were, on average, five ...
  • Prenatal nicotine exposure and effects on the health of the newborn 

    Gunnerbeck, Anna (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-03-30)
    Maternal smoking is one of the most important preventable risk factors in pregnancy. Whether it is nicotine or combustion products, or possibly both, that cause the adverse effects is not clear. The common substance in ...
  • CNS tumours of childhood/adolescence : outcomes related to disability and identity in adult survivors 

    Hörnquist, Lina (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-03-16)
    Central nervous system (CNS) tumour survivors are at increased risk for adverse health and functional late effects. Results from previous studies from the Swedish LIFE project, of which this licentiate thesis is a part, ...
  • Identification of biobehavioral markers of neurodevelopmental disorders in twins 

    Willfors, Charlotte (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-02-10)
    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are complex neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD), heterogeneous in phenotypes and etiology. The exact mechanisms driving the phenotypes are ...
  • Traumatic patellar dislocation in children : epidemiology, risk factors, the MPFL and treatment outcome 

    Askenberger, Marie (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2017-01-25)
    The knee joint is one of the most common injury sites in children, with the spectrum of injuries differing from those in adults. Traumatic lateral patellar dislocation (LPD) is the most common serious injury; the incidence ...
  • Increasing access to abortion : perspectives on provider availability from different settings 

    Sjöström, Susanne (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-12-15)
    Background: Unsafe abortion is estimated to cause around 23000 maternal deaths yearly, most of those deaths are preventable by proper use of contraception and access to safe abortion. Barriers to access to safe abortion ...
  • Long-term perspectives on hypospadias 

    Örtqvist, Lisa (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-11-25)
    Hypospadias, a multifactorial condition and one of the most common congenital malformations, has an incidence of 1/125 boys born. The infants are born with an ectopic meatus placed ventrally on the penis varying from a ...
  • Studies on the plasticity of glutamate receptors and its role for neuronal calcium homeostasis 

    Westin, Linda (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-11-24)
    Calcium is the most important and versatile signaling molecule in the brain. Neurons are equipped with a variety of tools to utilize this simple ion in diverse ways. From controlling the millisecond fast neurotransmitter ...
  • Viral wheeze and risk factors for childhood asthma : an evaluation of clinical, immunological and genetic factors 

    Stenberg Hammar, Katarina (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-11-18)
    It’s not fully understood why some children wheeze with viral infections, and why some develop severe asthma. In this study we compared two study groups; children presenting with acute wheeze (AW) before the age of four ...
  • The survival and nutritional status of children in relation to aspects of maternal health : follow-up studies in rural Uganda 

    Asiki, Gershim (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-10-28)
    Background: Low income countries continue to experience high under-five mortality and a high prevalence of protein energy malnutrition (PEM) among surviving children. There is lack of empirical data for accurate tracking ...
  • Regenerative medicine and register studies related to bladder exstrophy 

    Reinfeldt Engberg, Gisela (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-10-19)
    Bladder exstrophy is a rare congenital malformation affecting both boys and girls. The malformation involves the bladder, the urethra, genitalia, and pelvis. The child presents with a defect of the lower abdominal wall ...
  • Targeting dysfunctional developmental signaling cascades as a tool for tailored therapy in embryonal tumors 

    Dyberg, Cecilia (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-09-23)
    Neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma are embryonal malignant tumors of the central and peripheral nervous systems, respectively. The overall survival for both diagnoses is 60-75% despite intense multimodal therapy. This ...
  • Artificial testis to study early gonadal development and germ cell differentiation 

    Reda, Ahmed (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-09-07)
    Studying the early germ cell development is of great significance, as germ cells transfer the genetic material between generations. However, in humans, this type of studies in vivo is not applicable, for obvious ethical ...
  • Standing in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy : aspects of muscle strength, vision and motor function 

    Lidbeck, Cecilia (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-08-25)
    The movement and posture disorder of cerebral palsy (CP) is presumed to mainly be a consequence of the motor disorder, but accompanying disturbances with sensations and perception have also been suggested to influence motor ...
  • Performance of NCPAP systems for neonatal use and development of a new system for infant resuscitation 

    Drevhammar, Thomas (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-08-22)
    Objective Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is the most commonly used respiratory support for newborn infants. It is a technique for non-invasive respiratory support of both term and preterm infants ...
  • Hydatidiform mole : prevalence and outcome 

    Joneborg, Ulrika (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2016-05-20)
    Background: Hydatidiform mole (HM) is a genetically abnormal pregnancy with malignant potential, which exists in two forms, complete (CHM) and partial hydatidform mole (PHM). The incidence rates (IR) of HM show wide ...