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  • Outcome after liver resection : epidemiological and clinical studies with special focus on the role of post-hepatectomy liver failure 

    Gilg, Stefan (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-05-24)
    Background: Liver surgery has undergone significant developments over the last three decades. However, population-based data are scarce, and there is limited knowledge of the impact on mortality and possible treatment ...
  • Exposure to hepatitis C virus early in life : Epidemiological and Immunological aspects 

    Psaros Einberg, Afrodite (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-05-24)
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a blood borne virus affecting the liver. Globally, it is estimated that approximately 6 million children live with HCV infection today. The main transmission route in children today is vertical ...
  • Aspects of fracture risk in elderly women 

    Wihlborg, Axel (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-05-18)
    The main purpose of this thesis was to identify and further specify factors relevant for the assessment of fracture risk. The studies were conducted on two different cohorts of elderly women. The Osteoporosis Prospective ...
  • Antibiotic prophylaxis and infectious complications in surgery for acute cholecystitis 

    Jaafar, Gona (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-05-07)
    The prevalence of gallstone disease in the world is 10-20%. Almost 20% of those with gallstone disease develop a complication during their lifetime. Acute cholecystitis (AC) is a common complication of gallstones, that is ...
  • Mode of delivery, epigenetic modulation and immune cell formation at birth 

    Schlinzig, Titus (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-05-07)
    Background: Birth by Cesarean section (CS) has been associated with a greater risk for immune disorders like allergy, asthma, type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel diseases, and cancer later in life. Although ...
  • Cardiovascular function in 6-year-old children born extremely preterm 

    Mohlkert, Lilly-Ann (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-05-04)
    In western countries, approximately 6 to 12 per cent of all pregnancies end preterm, i.e., before 37 weeks of gestation. After the introduction of antenatal corticosteroids, surfactant therapy and neonatal intensive care, ...
  • Field studies in simulation-based team training 

    Escher, Cecilia (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-05-03)
    Simulation technology enables students and staff to learn and practice teamwork skills without risk to patients. Simulation was introduced in Swedish healthcare less than 30 years ago but other industries e.g. aviation had ...
  • Optimized growth and reduced morbidity in preterm infants : focus on nutrition and saturation targets 

    Klevebro, Susanna (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-04-20)
    Preterm birth alters the conditions during an important period of growth and organ maturation. Extremely preterm infants have a high risk of developing morbidity. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and bronchopulmonary ...
  • Perioperative glucose control 

    Blixt, Christina (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-04-04)
    Trauma or surgery elicit a physiological stress response, which among others induces insulin resistance. It could be described as a state where the biological response to a given dose of insulin is reduced, and is ...
  • Perinatal regenerative medicine : development of autologous constructs for soft tissue defects 

    Ekblad, Åsa (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-03-26)
    Disrupted organogenesis leads to permanent malformations that may require surgical correction. Affected new-borns without spare tissue for the primary closure are dependent of other solutions. Because of the perinatal ...
  • Automated analysis of fetal cardiac function : a new approach based on tissue Doppler imaging 

    Herling, Lotta (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2018-03-08)
    The heart is a central organ in fetal adaptation to various hemodynamic insults and it is possible that subtle changes caused by complications such as hypoxia and anemia could manifest themselves early as altered fetal ...
  • Antenatal corticosteroid exposure : studies on neonatal and long term outcome 

    Norberg, Hanna (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-10-23)
    Background: Preterm delivery affects six to twelve per cent of all pregnant women each year. Treatment with antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) has contributed greatly to improve outcome after preterm birth. It is administered ...
  • The female voice in vocally demanding professions : field studies using portable voice accumulators 

    Szabo Portela, Annika (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-09-29)
    Objectives: Methods to register voice use outside the voice clinic, at work, are important for assessment of work-related voice disorders. Such methods must be reliable and valid and at the same time practical and easy ...
  • Longitudinal study of the impact on hearing from aging, genetic background and environmental exposures in male twins 

    Bogo, Renata (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-09-28)
    Background: Hearing loss is a process that normally develops over many years, and the ability to hear high–frequency sounds is often reduced first. Age, repeated exposure to loud noise and other risk factors, diseases, ...
  • Aspects on interventions in complicated gallstone disease 

    Noel, Rozh (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-09-15)
    Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the standard treatment for symptomatic gallstone disease. In 10-15% of these patients, common bile duct stones (CBDS) are encountered. These are managed commonly by ...
  • Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology in Central America and Sri Lanka : renal morphology and clinical characteristics 

    Wijkström, Julia (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-09-07)
    Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem. The most common etiologies of CKD are diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis, but over the last several decades a high prevalence of ...
  • Hormonal effect on the inner ear : two endocrine syndromes 

    Bonnard, Åsa (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-09-07)
    Hearing loss is a major problem in our society with more than 5 % of the population world-wide suffering from disabling hearing loss according to the WHO. There are many endocrine syndromes associated with hearing loss. ...
  • Aspects on the role of prophylactic procedures to influence post-ERCP complication rates 

    Olsson, Greger (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-08-17)
    Background: When the technique to use ERCP was introduced almost fifty years ago, the morbidity in treatment of hepato-biliary diseases decreased due to the introduction of this miniinvasive modality, reducing the need ...
  • Orbital blow out fracture : to operate or not to operate - that is the question 

    Alinasab, Babak (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-06-02)
    When the eye socket is exposed to severe blunt trauma the pressure in the socket increases. As a protection mechanism to prevent the eye from disruption, the thin bony walls surrounding the eye fracture. Such a fracture ...
  • Evidence based care of the very preterm infant : studies on thermal care and breastfeeding in Europe 

    Wilson, Emilija (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2017-05-26)
    Very preterm birth occurs in approximately 1.5% of all births in Europe. Advances in neonatal intensive care has contributed to a decline in mortality and morbidity, nevertheless very preterm birth (birth before 32 weeks ...

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