Now showing items 1-20 of 255

  • Insight into 5-lipoxygenase biocatalysis and interaction with membrane components 

    Kumar, Ramakrishnan B. (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2017-05-12)
    Inflammation is one of the innate defence mechanisms exerted by the human body for protection and to initiate the healing process. Chronic inflammatory reactions can lead to several disease conditions like asthma, allergic ...
  • Analysis of phenotype reversibility in Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome in mice 

    Strandgren, Charlotte (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2017-04-12)
    Aging affects all people and is a complex process involving both genetic and environmental factors in a way that is not yet completely understood. Studies of premature aging syndromes might be helpful to acquire further ...
  • The role of estrogens and the microenvironment in lymphoma progression and drug sensitivity 

    Guan, Jiyu (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2017-03-08)
    Lymphomas are a group of cancers which originate from lymphatic cells. More than 90% of the lymphomas belong to the group of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), which in itself is a non-homogeneous group consisting of different ...
  • Stem cells and development : studies on SUFU and LGR5 

    Hölzl, Maria (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-12-16)
    Embryonic development and cancer formation appear quite different from each other at first glance, yet they share common characteristics such as the reliance on certain signalling pathways. The Hedgehog (HH) and WNT ...
  • GLI1 modulation of the output of hedgehog signaling in human cancer 

    Diao, Yumei (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-11-11)
    The Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway has critical roles in embryonic development and tumorigenesis. Aberrant activation of HH signaling has been known to be involved in several types of malignant tumors. GLI1 is a transcription ...
  • Molecular modeling and thermodynamics simulation of nucleic acids 

    Xu, You (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-11-04)
    Nucleic acids participate in many cellular processes. DNA is responsible for gene heredity and its structure is mainly in double helix, whereas RNA has wide functions in gene transcription and regulation so its structures ...
  • Identification and functional characterization of gastrointestinal disease genes 

    Assadi, Ghazaleh (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-09-21)
    The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are conditions characterized by chronic and relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. IBD affects around 2.5 million ...
  • Potential novel molecular targets for breast cancer diagnosis and treatment 

    Kharman Biz, Amirhossein (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-09-09)
    Breast cancer possesses the highest incidence among cancers in women worldwide, accounting for approximately 26% of all cancers in women. Due to the discovery of specific predictive and prognostic biomarkers, breast ...
  • A crystallographic view of egg-sperm interaction 

    Sadat, Hamed (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-08-12)
    Animal reproduction is a heavily studied biological event, however our knowledge regarding the molecular basis of the recognition between gametes – egg and sperm – still remains very incomplete. In particular, it is currently ...
  • Application of next generation sequencing in genetic and genomic studies 

    Wang, Jingwen (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-07-07)
    Genetic variants that spread along the human genome play vital roles in determining our traits, affecting development and potentially causing disorders. Most common disorders have complex underlying mechanisms involving ...
  • Towards smart antisense and antigene therapeutics : design and synthesis of novel oligonucleotide based bioconjugates 

    Jezowska-Herrera, Martina (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-05-16)
    The use of nucleic acid technology has been of great importance in life science research. In several clinical trials patients with genetic disease are treated with help of innovations based on oligonucleotide therapy. ...
  • Mechanisms of hedgehog signaling activation in cancer development 

    Rahman, Mohammed Ferdous-Ur (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-05-02)
    Hedgehog (HH) signaling has an important role in many physiological processes, and deregulation of this pathway can result in a wide range of malignancies. The aim of this thesis is to identify and evaluate the role of ...
  • Epidermal stem cells in physiological tissue regeneration, wound healing and cancer 

    Füllgrabe, Anja (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-01-29)
    The mammalian skin is a versatile organ that protects from external harm, regulates the body temperature, and provides the touch sensation. Its epithelium, the epidermis, forms several highly regenerative structures as the ...
  • Transcriptional regulation of the human pre-implantation embryo 

    Madissoon, Elo (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2016-01-07)
    Millions of couples worldwide have difficulties in conceiving a child. These couples, affected by infertility, suffer from symptoms of stress. The causes of infertility are largely unknown and current available treatment, ...
  • Exploring the genome-wide impact of transcription factor AP-1 in breast cancer 

    Qiao, Yichin (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2015-12-16)
    AP-1 plays crucial roles in a wide range of cellular processes in breast cancer. Through the dimeric basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain, the mammalian AP-1 proteins bind to DNA and form homodimers or heterodimers from the ...
  • Modulating chromatin by transcription and nucleosome turnover: a genome-wide study in fission yeast 

    Sadeghi, Laia (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2015-12-10)
    Eukaryotic DNA is wrapped around histone proteins to form a nucleosome, the basic structural unit of chromatin. Multiple levels of chromatin organization are required to compact DNA into chromosomes, to ensure an accurate ...
  • Determination of transcription factor binding specificities 

    Jolma, Arttu (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2015-11-19)
    The term "genetic code" refers to the way in which the information encoded in nucleic acids is converted into the amino-acid sequence of proteins. There is however also a second genetic code, one that is used by the cells ...
  • Systems microscopy analysis of cell migration 

    Abbasi, Hamdah Shafqat (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2015-11-18)
    Single cell migration is heterogeneous and a complicated process. It arises from a hugely complex network of multi-scale interactions between molecular and macromolecular entities. Though the full, spatiotemporally resolved ...
  • Post-translational modifications in mammary gland development and mammary tumor progression 

    Zhuang, Ting (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2015-10-09)
    Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. Estrogen receptor α (ERα) signaling and p53 signaling have important roles in breast cancer progression. Therefore, post-translational modifications of ERα and ...
  • Mimicking the action of ribonucleases : studies on RNase A and design of PNA based artificial enzymes 

    Ghidini, Alice (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2015-10-09)
    A 3’-deoxy-3’-C-methylenephosphonate modified diribonucleotide is highly resistant to degradation by spleen phosphodiesterase and not cleaved at all by snake venom phosphodiesterase. Despite that both the vicinal 2-hydroxy ...