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  • Can Parkinson’s disease be prevented? : epidemiological evidence on lifestyle factors 

    Yang, Fei (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-24)
    The etiology of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is largely unknown, but epidemiological studies have provided robust evidence that environmental factors have a central role in PD pathogenesis and progression. The studies included ...
  • Identifying individual antibiotic treatments prescribed for mothers and for children up to the age of five following specific inpatient diagnoses 

    Almqvist, C.; Örtqvist, A.K.; Gong, T.; Wallas, A.; Ahlén, K.M.; Ye, W.; Lundholm, C. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-20)
    Aim: Exposure to antibiotics in early life may affect future health. Most antibiotics are prescribed in outpatient care, but inpatient exposure is also important. We estimated how specific diagnoses in hospitals corresponded ...
  • Increased mortality in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency 

    Falhammar, H.; Frisén, L.; Norrby, C.; Linden Hirschberg, A.; Almqvist, C.; Nordenskjöld, A.; Nordenström, A. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-20)
    Context: Reports on mortality in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) are lacking. Objective: To study mortality and causes of death in CAH. Design, Setting and Participants: We studied patients ...
  • Similar familial risk in multiple sclerosis subgroups Introduction 

    Song, J.; Karrenbauer, V.; Manouchehrinia, A.; Almqvist, C.; Hillert, J.; Westerlind, H. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-20)
  • Exposure to air pollution from traffic and neurodevelopmental disorders in Swedish twins 

    Gong, T.; Almqvist, C.; Bolte, S.; Lichtenstein, P.; Anckarsater, H.; Lind, T.; Lundholm, C.; Pershagen, G. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-17)
    Background: Recent studies have reported associations between air pollution exposure and neurodevelopmental disorders in children but the role of pre- and postnatal exposure has not been elucidated. Aim: We aimed ...
  • The association between caesarean section and asthma or allergic disease continues to challenge 

    Almqvist, Catarina; Öberg, Anna Sara (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
  • Twins' risk of childhood asthma mediated by gestational age and birthweight 

    Ullemar, Vilhelmina; Lundholm, Cecilia; Almqvist, Catarina (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
    Background: Children born with low gestational age (GA) or low birth weight (BW) are at increased risk of asthma. Twins as compared to singletons are on average more likely to be born with lower GA and BW, and have been ...
  • Predictors of adolescents' consent to use health records for research and results from data collection in a Swedish twin cohort 

    Ullemar, Vilhelmina; Lundholm, Cecilia; Örtqvist, Anne; Gumpert, Clara Hellner; Ancarsäter, Henrik; Lundström, Sebastian; Almqvist, Catarina (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
    Introduction: Nonrandom selection into a study population due to differences between consenters and non-consenters may introduce participation bias. Past investigations of factors predicting consent to collection of ...
  • Increased risk for substance use-related problems in autism spectrum disorders : a population-based cohort study 

    Butwicka, A.; Langstrom, N.; Larsson, H.; Lundstrom, S.; Serlachius, E.; Almqvist, C.; Frisen, L.; Lichtenstein, P. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
    Despite limited and ambiguous empirical data, substance use-related problems have been assumed to be rare among patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Using Swedish population-based registers we identified 26,986 ...
  • Air pollution exposure during pregnancy and childhood autistic traits in four European population-based cohort studies : the ESCAPE project 

    Guxens, M.; Ghassabian, A.; Gong, T.; Garcia-Esteban, R.; Porta, D.; Giorgis-Allemand, L.; Almqvist, C.; Aranbarri, A.; Beelen, R.; Badaloni, C.; Cesaroni, G.; de Nazelle, A.; Estarlich, M.; Forastiere, F.; Forns, J.; Gehring, U.; Ibarluzea, J.; Jaddoe, V.W.; Korek, M.; Lichtenstein, P.; Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J.; Rebagliato, M.; Slama, R.; Tiemeier, H.; Verhulst, F.C.; Volk, H.E.; Pershagen, G.; Brunekreef, B.; Sunyer, J. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
    Background: Prenatal exposure to air pollutants has been suggested as a possible etiologic factor for the occurrence of autism spectrum disorder. Objectives: We aimed to assess whether prenatal air pollution exposure ...
  • Perinatal exposure to traffic-related air pollution and autism spectrum disorders 

    Gong, T.; Dalman, C.; Wicks, S,; Dal, H.; Magnusson, C.; Lundholm, C.; Almqvist, C.; Pershagen, G. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
    Background: Studies from the United States indicate that exposure to air pollution in early life is associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children, but the evidence is not consistent with European ...
  • Population-based data on asthma and allergic disease call for advanced epidemiologic methods 

    Almqvist, Catarina; Lundholm, Cecilia (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
  • Cohort profile : Swedish Twin Study on Prediction and Prevention of Asthma (STOPPA) 

    Almqvist, Catarina; Örtqvist, Anne K; Ullemar, Vilhelmina; Lundholm, Cecilia; Lichtenstein, Paul; Magnusson, Patrik K E (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-14)
    Asthma is a common childhood disease and several risk factors have been identified, however the impact of genes and environment is not fully understood. The aim of the Swedish Twin study On Prediction and Prevention of ...
  • Familial liability for eating disorders and suicide attempts : evidence from a population registry in Sweden 

    Yao, S.; Halkola, R.K.; Thornton, L.M.; Runfola, C.D.; D’Onofrio, B.M.; Almqvist, C.; Lichtenstein, P.; Sjölander, A.; Larsson, H.; Bulik, C.M. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-13)
    Importance: Suicide attempts are common in individuals with eating disorders. More precise understanding of the mechanisms underlying their co-occurrence is needed. Objective: To examine the association between ...
  • Association between parental age and asthma in a population-based register study 

    Almqvist, Catarina; Olsson, Henrik; Ullemar, Vilhelmina; D'Onfrio, Brian M; Frans, Emma; Lundholm, Cecilia (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-13)
    In a nationwide population-based study with family design, we found an association between decreasing parental age and asthma in early childhood. The effect was independent of familial and potentially confounding factors.
  • Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and the development of adolescent alcohol problems : a prospective, population-based study of Swedish twins. 

    Quinn, Patrick; Pettersson, Erik; Lundström, Sebastian; Anckarsäter, Henrik; Långström, Niklas; Hellner Gumpert, Clara; Larsson, Henrik; Lichtenstein, Paul; D'Onofrio, Brian (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-09)
    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk of problematic alcohol and other substance use in adolescence. This study used data from an ongoing, prospective, population-based twin ...
  • Childhood injury after a parental cancer diagnosis 

    Chen, R.; Regodon Wallin, A.; Sjolander, A.; Valdimarsdottir, U.; Ye, W.; Tiemeier, H.; Fall, K.; Almqvist, C.; Czene, K.; Fang, F. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-09)
    A parental cancer diagnosis is psychologically straining for the whole family. We investigated whether a parental cancer diagnosis is associated with a higher-than-expected risk of injury among children by using a Swedish ...
  • Maltreatment-associated neurodevelopmental disorders : a co-twin control analysis. 

    Dinkler, Lisa; Lundström, Sebastian; Gajwani, Ruchika; Lichtenstein, Paul; Gillberg, Christopher; Minnis, Helen (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-09)
    BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) is strongly associated with psychiatric disorders in childhood and adulthood. Previous findings suggest that the association between CM and psychiatric disorders is ...
  • A longitudinal study of resting heart rate and violent criminality in more than 700000 men 

    Latvala, A.; Kuja-Halkola, R.; Almqvist, C.; Larsson, H.; Lichtenstein, P. (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-02)
    IMPORTANCE Low resting heart rate is a well-replicated physiological correlate of aggressive and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents, but whether low resting heart rate increases the risk of violence and other ...
  • Is there a female protective effect against attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Evidence from two representative twin samples 

    Taylor, Mark J.; Lichtenstein, Paul; Larsson, Henrik; Anckarsäter, Henrik; Greven, Corina U.; Ronald, Angelica (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2017-03-02)
    Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is more common in males than females, yet little is known about why this is the case. We aimed to test for the existence of a ‘female protective effect’ against ...

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