Now showing items 1-20 of 8098

    • Reduced working hours and stress in the Swedish social services 

      Barck-Holst, Peter (Inst för klinisk neurovetenskap / Dept of Clinical Neuroscience, 2020-04-01)
      Background: Since a financial crisis in the 1990’s employees in the Swedish public sector have suffered from work stress and related consequences such as long-term sick leave. Reduced working hours has long been debated ...
    • The new old normal : reassessing perioperative oxygen consumption and haemodynamics in the elderly 

      Jakobsson, Julia (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2020-04-01)
      Perioperative haemodynamic instability and disturbances of global oxygen transport are associated with complications and organ injury after surgery. The continuously growing population of elderly in surgical care are at ...
    • Inference of systems-level behaviors in the immune system from single-cell data 

      Nkulikiyimfura, Dieudonné (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2020-03-27)
      Understanding the systems-level behaviours of the immune system requires profiling many parameters of its constituents as well as identifying environmental factors influencing the time evolution of immune response. Recent ...
    • External collaborations in multinational pharmaceutical companies 

      Bignami, Francesca (2020-03-26)
      Traditionally, the internal research and development (R&D) departments of multinational companies (MNCs) have served as a main driver of MNCs innovative capacity. Today’s high pace of change and competitive landscape ...
    • Differential microRNA and metabolic expressions in neuroendocrine and cervical carcinomas 

      Scicluna, Patrick (Inst för cell- och molekylärbiologi / Dept of Cell and Molecular Biology, 2020-03-26)
      MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of many biological processes involved in cancer development and progression. However, the functional roles of miRNAs in some cancer types are still poorly understood. The aim of ...
    • Immediate breast reconstruction : patient information, regional variations and effects of radiotherapy 

      Frisell, Carl Axel (Inst för molekylär medicin och kirurgi / Dept of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, 2020-03-26)
      The type of surgical treatment in breast cancer shows strong regional variation. The aim of studies I-III was to specifically investigate causes of the disparity in breast conservation and immediate breast reconstruction ...
    • Molecular and functional neuroanatomy of mood disorder circuits 

      Märtin, Antje (Inst för neurovetenskap / Dept of Neuroscience, 2020-03-26)
      The ability to interpret and react to external stimuli is essential for survival. An organism has to be able to predict a favorable outcome, and, more importantly, a non-favorable one that could mean danger for ...
    • Studies of side effects related to adjuvant breast cancer regimens with focus on chemotherapy 

      Papakonstantinou, Andri (Inst för onkologi-patologi / Dept of Oncology-Pathology, 2020-03-26)
      Radiotherapy, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy adjunct to surgery have a critical role in the management of early breast cancer for outcome improvement. Anthracycline containing chemotherapy reduces ...
    • Targeting polo-like kinase 1 in pediatric leukemia 

      Goroshchuk, Oksana (Inst för laboratoriemedicin / Dept of Laboratory Medicine, 2020-03-24)
      Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the most common cancers among children in the world, with almost 90% complete remission rate after the primary treatment. However, some patients are resistant to treatment and ...
    • Estrogen actions in the growth plate cartilage 

      Iravani, Maryam (Inst för kvinnors och barns hälsa / Dept of Women's and Children's Health, 2020-03-24)
      Estrogens may influence bone growth locally or systemically via the estrogen receptors alpha (ERα), beta (ERβ) and G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER-1). In Paper I, our study showed that the treatment of ...
    • On osmolality and sperm function during processing for assisted reproduction 

      Holmes, Emma (Inst för medicin, Huddinge / Dept of Medicine, Huddinge, 2020-03-24)
      Deep basic knowledge about sperm physiology is relevant and important to optimize the outcome of procedures used during Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) to select spermatozoa for fertilization. More specifically, ...
    • Stress during cancer diagnostic workup 

      Shen, Qing (Inst för medicinsk epidemiologi och biostatistik / Dept of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2020-03-24)
      Receiving a cancer diagnosis is an extremely stressful life event. Cancer patients have been reported to experience an excessive risk of stress-related health outcomes including suicide. The time period between the first ...
    • Developmental origins of polycystic ovary syndrome : role of early adverse life events on adult health 

      Manti, Maria (Inst för fysiologi och farmakologi / Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology, 2020-03-17)
      The research focus of this thesis is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age, associated with reproductive, cardio-metabolic, and mental health complications. ...
    • Machine learning and data-parallel processing for viral metagenomics 

      Bzhalava, Zurab (Inst för laboratoriemedicin / Dept of Laboratory Medicine, 2020-03-13)
      More than 2 million cancer cases around the world each year are caused by viruses. In addition, there are epidemiological indications that other cancer-associated viruses may also exist. However, the identification of ...
    • The role of dietary nitrate in regulation of blood pressure and metabolism 

      Sundqvist, Michaela (Inst för fysiologi och farmakologi / Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology, 2020-03-12)
      A diet rich in vegetables is recommended for health in general and is also associated with lower blood pressure. Research suggests that inorganic nitrate present in leafy green vegetables could be a contributing factor ...
    • Synaptic uncoupling in the mouse cochlea induced by noise or cisplatin and its clinical relevance 

      Tserga, Evangelia (Inst för fysiologi och farmakologi / Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology, 2020-03-12)
      The cochlea has an autonomous circadian clock that controls auditory function and increases vulnerability to noise trauma during the active phase. The mechanisms regulating the circadian control of the auditory system are ...
    • Epigenetic regulation of transcription and cellular development 

      Shahin Varnoosfaderani, Farzaneh (Inst för biovetenskaper och näringslära / Dept of Biosciences and Nutrition, 2020-03-11)
      Epigenetic machinery can regulate different biological processes via different mechanisms. In this thesis, we explore the effects of the epigenetic system on transcription and how it can differ during cellular development ...
    • Brain development in a dish 

      Pronk, Robin Johan (Inst för neurovetenskap / Dept of Neuroscience, 2020-03-06)
      This thesis shows the path I took in the quest for modeling the brain, as the title says, in a dish. The introduction of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) as means to research biological processes has opened up whole ...
    • Molecular approaches for characterization, diagnosis and therapy of allergy to pets 

      Wintersand, Anna (Inst för klinisk neurovetenskap / Dept of Clinical Neuroscience, 2020-03-06)
      Allergy to furred animals is a common affliction, where up to 20% of the population in affluent countries are sensitized to one or more pet allergens. Several causative allergens from an array of species have been identified, ...
    • Scalable, safe and GMP-compatible production of embryonic stem cell derived retinal pigment epithelial cells 

      Padrell Sánchez, Sara (Inst för klinisk vetenskap, intervention och teknik / Dept of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, 2020-03-06)
      Regenerative medicine is an exponentially growing field that aims to regenerate a lost function, cell type or tissue due to damage, ageing or disease. Currently, more than 30,000 gene- and cell-based therapies have been ...